Natural resources provide socio-economic benefits as well as ecological benefits, supporting industries and employment through opportunities for recreation, transport, and food, among many others. The coastlines and marine areas of the Solway Firth are, therefore, important socio-economic resources for the local area and beyond in Scotland and England. The productive chapter of the Solway Review describes the different sectors that have a direct benefit to the local economy. The sections within the chapter will be divided into sectors, with each section then discussing Scotland and then England separately. If there is only activity on one side of the Solway only the side with activity will be discussed in depth. This chapter of the Solway Review has been populated with the output reports from the Socio-Economic Assessment of the Scottish Solway (SEASS) and Socio-Economic Assessment of the English Solway (SEAES).
These are two separately funded European Maritime and Fisheries Fund funded projects through Scottish Government and Marine Management Organisation respectively. These assessments were informed by two main work streams:
- desk based and online research of relevant data, statistics, journals, and reports.
- consultation with stakeholder organisations.
You can find a list of the organisations which were consulted with for each report (Scottish and English) within the SEASS and SEAES reports, available here, and within ‘SEASS/SEAES Engagement‘ section within the ‘Engagement‘ chapter of the Solway Review.
These socio-economic reports were needed in light of the changing face of socio-economic aspects impacting the Solway Firth, and also for the purpose of populating the productive chapter of this Solway Review.
These two projects were both undertaken by EKOS and were completed in early 2020. EKOS created the SEASS and SEAES reports in addition to a chapter summary for each report and a one page overview summary for each report. All of these documents are available on Solway Firth Partnership’s website.
The text within the sections of the productive chapter of the review will be from the SEASS or SEAES Reports. Text from the SEASS and SEAES reports is not referenced individually.
Scroll through the subsections to find out more…
- Marine Sector Overview
- Energy, Aggregates, Subsea Cables & Pipelines
- Historic Environment and Cultural Heritage
- Marine Management, Education, Research and Development
- Processing – fisheries and aquaculture
- Sea Fisheries
- Sport, Recreation & Tourism
- Shipping,Transport and Freight Traffic
- Sectoral Interactions
These sections are defined working from the basis of Scotland’s Marine Atlas (Baxter et al, 2011) but some have been redefined, or omitted, due to the relevance to the Solway Firth.
The industry sectors have been defined using Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) coding (2007). The United Kingdom Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities (SIC) is used to classify businesses by the type of economic activity. Further detail is available here.
|Activities included within other chapters;|
Original Scotland’s Marine Atlas Chapter (Baxter et al, 2011);
Productive Solway Review Chapter;
Renewable Energy and Power Cables
Waste Water Treatment and Industrial Outfalls are of marginal economic significance in the Solway Firth and are at such low levels that meaningful economic data is not available. Relevant information has been folded into other sections, other relevant information can be found in alternative chapters of the Solway Review.
Coastal Protection and Flood Defence
Sectors which have no activity on either side of the Solway;
- Water Abstraction
- Carbon Capture and Storage
- Oil and Gas Production
It is worth noting that the environmental designations are detailed in the Protected Areas section of the Solway Review and can be explored within that section. In terms of the socio-economic impact of environmental designations, these sites may limit what activities can occur within their boundaries. They may also positively contribute to the local economy through tourism, the wellbeing of residents and visitors alike, through interaction with the outdoors and protected features, and other benefits. As such, these sites have socio-economic implications on the surrounding area to be considered. Land-based designations located close to the Solway coast may also impact the socio-economics of the area, and are also relevant.
There has recently been impacts on all sectors as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Lockdowns and other changes in the day-to-day activities of the public and businesses has had an impact on every sector in the UK, and marine industries are no exception. The impacts of COVID-19 are not considered within the Productive chapter due to the fact that the SEASS and SEAES reports were concluding as the first wave of coronavirus was striking the UK. Furthermore data is retrospective, and there are still ongoing uncertainties and changes. The Scottish Government has research in the form of a business survey developed and conducted to help understand the impacts on marine industries. This research is available here.
Image; The Loch Ryan Oyster Fishery Company Ltd. © Solway Firth Partnership. Photographer; Colin Tennant